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Myanmar Traditional Chinlone (Cane Ball)
Traditional Chinlone (cane ball) Sport has been developed and played by Myanmar nationals since ancient Pyu era and spread out to other regions through Sumatra and its small islands. Many researchers concluded the origin of Chinlone as Myanmar.
The sport of playing Chinlone was developed in Myanmar many years ago and in the era of King Bo Daw Phaya, it was ordered to play at traditional festivals. Since then, Myanmar has maintained the Chinlone sport tradition by playing it widely across the country. Not only playing in the country but also breaking through the international borders and rules have been drawn as a sport and it was introduced by Myanmar at 27th Southeast Asian Games hosted by Myanmar as a traditional sport.
Chinlone is made of rattan and its size is five inches in diameter. It is a sport but doesn’t need to compete by using force like as other games. It is only important in how exactly, beautifully a competitor can play the cane-ball and how he can play with creative skill.
Myanmar Chinlone is really a combination of sport, fairness and dance by moving forthwith the players’ heads, feet, waists and hands. Therefore, playing with a traditional orchestra, we can see it like as dancing of a male dancer without delay.
Myanmar traditional Chinlone has been handed down since the ancient times and rules were made by ancient Myanmar specifically. The typical playing circle of the traditional Chinlone is 22 feet in diameter and played by six persons and extra two. There are six basic kicks in it. This means players can use six points of the body to contact with the ball. These are the top of the toes, the inner and outer sides of the foot, the sole, the heel and the knee. The Chinlone matches are held stage by stage by determining from basic kicks to special kicks.
Many road-side Chinlone playing circles can be seen across the country and Myanmar nationals of every age and both sexes would like to play the Chinlone. When the skilful players play and kick the ball in various beautiful styles, many pedestrians stop the walking to watch. Kicking the cane ball not to drop to the ground by the players is very amazing. In circle kick or Weing Chin, it needs to play by all of the players in unity than the beautiful solo kicks. Therefore, fairness and unity are essential for the winning of a circle kick of Myanmar Chinlone.
Myanmar traditional Chinlone differs from Sepak Takraw. Sepak Takraw uses force by kicking the ball from side to side over a net. It also uses a synthetic ball. In Myanmar traditional Chinlone, it uses rattan ball only and it can be said as an artful character of unity.
If the readers would like to know, feel and see more about Myanmar Traditional Chinlone, you can see the record film named “Mystic Ball” at www.mysticball-themovie.comtoo.
On 27 December, The Second Asian Traditional Chinlone Game is to be held in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar and not only the Asia nations such as India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and host Myanmar but also Brazil will compete for the first time.
We present this article with the aim of developing and spreading out the Myanmar Traditional Chinlone Sport more and more.
Ref; Myanmar Compass
|Chinlone (or) Rottan/Cane Ball|
|Performance of a Myanmar Lady|
|Making a cane ball|
|Cane ball playing @ SEA Game|
|Playing styles of Chinlone|
|The meaning of chinlone game|
Mandalay: World Renowned U Bein Bridge and Taung Thaman Lake
Mandalay in central Myanmar is rated number 8 in the list of world's friendliest cities. Blessed with many ancient monuments and a number of famous Buddhist monasteries in and around, the former city of the kings has become a major tourist destination attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors.
|Ancient Painting of U Bein Bridge|It is the capital city in central Myanmar and the hub of transportation as many motorways, railways, waterways from various parts of the country are linked. It was founded by penultimate King Mindon in 1859 and unlike many other hustle and bustle cities which in due course of time developed from the state of village or small town, the location of the city was carefully chosen by King Mindon at his will. As a result of it, the city's plan was quite systematic forming grid pattern at its four cardinal points where crenellated wall encircled the city. Although there are a lot of famous attraction places in and around Mandalay, the wooden U Bein bridge earns its status as a must-go. The weather is fine from October to May. It means no rain. Around 4 o’clock in the evening, the sun shone neither too hot nor cold and that made the weather very favorable. At the very moment I arrived at U Bein bridge, spanned the famous lake Taung Thaman, a gentle breeze welcomed me. At the environ around the bridge were dotted with souvenir shops, restaurants, teashops, road-side snack stalls which were always busy with visitors not just from Myanmar but from other countries as well who came there to enjoy the beauty of the bridge and the lake. As soon as I ascended the bridge, the travelers mostly in groups but some were individuals from local and abroad could be seen. Due to the fact that it’s in the late raining season, the water level was at its full and the perfect combination of the high water level was at its full and the perfect combination of the high water level of the lake and the rickety bridge at the background struck a unique feature. The atmosphere on the bridge was active and lively with people taking photos, studying closely the architecture of the bridge, strolling on the bridge teasing on another. As a law of nature, some dry leaves from the trees growing near the bank were fallen off by the gust of wind and swirling down to the ground. I breathed the breeze deeply which blew gently across the lake. The surface of the lake was rippling by the wind mixed with rain. Taung Thaman Lake was believed to have existed from the life time of Buddha and it was named after one of four ogres when Buddha was alive. Some boats shuttling to and from on the water could be observed. “The number of visitors to Taung Thaman Lake has dramatically increased year after year. Even during the months of low tour season, there are more arrivals of tourist compared to the past years. The number of tourist arrivals to the bridge during high season is from 1000 to 1200 a day or more.” said a local boatman named U Soe Lin. The most visited time here is in the late afternoon to enjoy sunset but early in the morning is also a famous time. Like the historical wooden bridge itself, the boatmen from the lake are also one contributing factor which makes this place pleasurable and favorable. In spite of the fact that a boat can carry 15 passengers at maximum, they are allowed to carry just five persons of local and two for foreigner for their safety. There are about 50 boats and they charge Ks 12,000. For the globe-trotter, photographing when they are in the boat is a great opportunity. U Bein bridge is one of the most ancient and the longest wooden bridges in the world. The construction of the bridge commenced in 1849 when the King of Ava shifted his palace to Amarapura and was completed in 1851. Teak posts and other construction materials used in the bridge were from the old palace in Ava. The purpose of building the bridge was for a good communication of villages in eastern site of the lake with Amarapura in the western part. This 160 year old wooden bridge has withstood the test of time for so many years that it now produces screeching sound every time people walk on it. Some pranks on the floor come off and some teak posts are in a bad condition now. Although the bridge was built for the convenient transportation, it’s now an object of antiquity recognized as the world fame. It is nearly 4,000 feet long with 1,086 teak posts and 482 compartments and beside that there are four rest houses (pavilions) where passersby can take rest on the benches to enjoy the scene of the lake. As I walked to the western end of the bridge, I’ve seen a line of (Cassia Siamea) Mezali trees growing on the bank of the lake. There trees were grown for the purpose of preventing from the onslaught of wind and wave for the bridge. These trees were planted in 1875 and it was 24 years after the construction of the bridge. Although there were 103 trees altogether at those time, only 80 trees are left for the time being. After gazing at the Amarapura from the westernmost part of the bridge, I returned home back. Looking at the bridge, age-ridden teak posts and flooring with fading colour were sighted noticeably. As the bridge has weathered natural elements for ages, it’s of great value and priceless.
|Chilling in the Taung Thaman Lake|
|Fishing in Taung Thaman Lake from U Bein Bridge|
|Fishing in the Lake|
|Old Teak Post|
|U Bein Bridge|
|Sunset time @ the lake|
|Mt. Zwekabin and Thanlwin (Salween) River|
HOW TO GET THERE
The Kayin State is mountainous region renowned for its limestone caves and beautiful scenery. The capital city is Hpa-An, approximately 270km from Yangon. It is easily accessible and a six hour drive from Yangon buses depart daily. It is also possible to access Hpa-An by road from kyaikhtiyo Pagoda (Golden Rock Pagoda).
KAYIN CULTURAL MESEUM
It is a two storey building that displayed Kayin cultural and history and located near Kan Thar Yar Lake. In Museum, there has exhibits about the history of Kayin ethnic group, Kayin literature, culture and kayin musical instruments.
Mr. Zwekabin is located 11 km south of Hpa-An near Ka Lawk Nose village. It is a key landmark of Kayin State and its peak is 723 m above sea level. It is a three hour hike to the summit where one can enjoy breathtaking views of Hpa-An and the surrounding areas.
Bayinnyi cave is situated 19 km from Hpa-An. The cave is approximately 20 meters in length and has an ancient pagoda with many Buddha statues inside. On the hillside of the cave there is a natural hot and cold spring.
Kawgoon is a natural limestone cave and is located 35meter above sea level on the western bank of Thanlwin River in Hpa-An. It is famous for its Mon cultural style clay Buddha images and terracotta votive tablets in its interior walls. This cave dates back to the later Bagan period (13thcentury AD). This can be seen in the carved statues, sandstone Buddhist statues, the mural paintings and the ink and carved Mon inscriptions.
Sadan Cave is situated in the southern part of Zwekabin mountain range. It is approximately 32km south of Hpa-An . The cave is 107meters in length and 40meters in width with the entrance being the widest part of the cave. Natural stones, rocks, stalactites and stalagmites can be found in the cave.
Myawaddy is one of the Thai-Myanmar Border gateways. It is the link from Myanmar to Maesot in Thailand via Thai-Myanmar Friendship Bridge which passes over the Thaungyin River (Moei River). Myawaddy is also located on the ASEAN-India Highway Road. The area has been developed for tourism and cross-border trade with Thailand and many tourists use this as a gateway.
|Myanmar-Thai Border Gate @ Myawaddy Township|
|Historic Kawgoon Cave|
|Fisherman @ the Sadan Cave|
|Kayaking between the paddy fields|
|Inside the Sadan Cave|
|Historic monument at the Kawgoon Cave|
|The view of Thanlwin (or) Salween River from Shwe Yin Myaw Pagoda, Hpa-An|